Information management (IM) is the collection and management of information from one or more sources and the distribution of that information to one or more audiences. This sometimes involves those who have a stake in or a right to that information. Management means the organization of and control over the structure, processing, and delivery of information.

Critical elements of information management include:

1.    Data Governance: Establishing policies, procedures, and standards to manage data quality, security, and compliance.

2.    Data Integration: Combining data from different sources to provide a unified view for better decision-making.

3.    Data Quality: Ensuring the accuracy, completeness, consistency, and reliability of data.

4.    Data Security: Protecting data from unauthorized access, breaches, and other security threats.

5.    Metadata Management: Managing data about data to enhance its usability and traceability.

6.    Data Storage and Archiving: Efficiently storing data and ensuring it can be retrieved and accessed when needed.

7.    Data Access and Retrieval: Providing users with easy and timely access to relevant information.

8.    Compliance and Legal Considerations: Ensuring that data management practices adhere to legal and regulatory requirements.

9.    Data Lifecycle Management: Managing data through its lifecycle from creation to disposal.

10.   Data Analytics and Reporting: Analyzing data to derive insights and generate actionable reports for decision-making.